三、美国EPA对于Unified Western Grocers所谓的杀虫剂予以处罚：赔偿270000美元（2008/04/02）
Hydros, Inc. of Bourne, Mass.;
AIRMAR Technology Corp. of Milford, N.H.;
Goldline Controls, Inc. of North Kingstown, R.I.;
North Safety Products, Inc. of Cranston, R.I.;
Blue Seal Feeds, Inc. of Richford, Vt.;
Swish Maintenance, Ltd. of Burlington, Vt.
Six New England Companies Settle with EPA for Pesticide Violations
Release date: 02/20/2008
Contact Information: David Deegan, (617) 918-1017
(Boston, Mass. – Feb. 20, 2008) – Six companies based in New England that produce pesticide products recently settled with EPA for failing to properly submit annual production reports to the Agency, as required by federal law.
The law that governs pesticide use in the U.S., the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), requires pesticide manufacturers to submit annual production reports to EPA. According to the EPA complaints, each of the six companies has failed on at least one previous occasion to properly submit this information.
The companies are: Hydros, Inc. of Bourne, Mass.; AIRMAR Technology Corp. of Milford, N.H.; Goldline Controls, Inc. of North Kingstown, R.I.; North Safety Products, Inc. of Cranston, R.I.; Blue Seal Feeds, Inc. of Richford, Vt.; and Swish Maintenance, Ltd. of Burlington, Vt.
The companies have addressed all violations and have paid fines of up to $5,400. Penalties were based on several factors including the type of violation and size of the business.
Section 7 of FIFRA requires that each registered pesticide producing establishment submit annual production reports to EPA on or before March 1st. These reports are the only means that EPA has for obtaining information on the types and amounts of pesticides being produced, sold or distributed both domestically and for export during the year. EPA uses the information to trace ineffective, contaminated or recalled pesticide products, among other purposes.
Pesticides include insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, antimicrobials or other substances and pest control devices used to control insects, weeds or microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses.
生厂商Newburyport, Mass.以及Valspar Corp.因违反联邦农药法案、FIFRA和EPCRA法案处以266800美元的罚款。
Valspar Corp.公司的油漆和着色剂是以Samuel Cabot的名称销售，Valspar公司在2005年收购了Samuel Cabot, Inc.公司，包括其技术、Newburyport设施，并为其聘请了100名员工，全球总共9000名员工。
在FIFRA法案的条款中规定：EPA控诉Valspar公司在2006年3月到2007年2月期间销售未经注册的杀虫剂，尤其是“Cabot SPF 1 Cleaner and Conditioner” 和 “Cabot Problem Solver Wood Cleaner”这两种型号。产品上的标签声称有去除杀死霉菌的性能，触犯了EPA关于杀虫剂的有关注册条款。再者，产品并没有EPA的相关认证。联邦法律授权EPA以严厉的，科学测试为基础管制杀虫产品，并要在其注册条款下安全使用，以保护消费者安全，确保在一定程度上，其产品不会对人体和生态构成不必要的危害。
Newburyport, Mass. Paint and Stain Manufacturer Settles with EPA for Pesticide and Hazardous Chemical Violations
Release date: 05/08/2008
Contact Information: Jeanethe Falvey, (617) 918-1020
( Boston, Mass. – May 8, 2008) - A Newburyport, Mass. manufacturer, Valspar Corp., has paid a $266,800 penalty as a part of a settlement of an enforcement action brought by EPA for violations of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Emergency Planning and Community-Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA).
Valspar manufactures paints and stains, which are sold under the Samuel Cabot name, at the facility. Valspar bought Samuel Cabot, Inc., including its operations and Newburyport facility in 2005. Valspar employs about 100 people at the facility and over 9,000 people nationwide.
In the FIFRA portion of the complaint, EPA alleged that Valspar sold or distributed unregistered pesticide products, specifically, “Cabot SPF 1 Cleaner and Conditioner” and “Cabot Problem Solver Wood Cleaner” from March 2006 to February 2007. The labels on the products included claims about the products’ mildew and mold killing/removing properties, triggering EPA’s pesticide registration requirements. However, neither product had received a pesticide “registration” from EPA. Federal law directs EPA to perform rigorous, science-based assessments of pesticide products and their uses before they can be legally used in the U.S. Registration requirements were created for consumer protection, helping to ensure that no pesticide is distributed, sold or used in a manner that could pose unnecessary risk to human or ecological health.
In the EPCRA portion of the complaint, EPA alleged that Valspar failed to submit certain information, thereby hampering the public’s ability to obtain accurate information about the type and amount of toxic chemicals in their community. The violations were based on Valspar’s failure to submit to EPA, Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Reporting Forms (Form-Rs) for five hazardous chemicals manufactured, processed or otherwise used in quantities above minimum threshold reporting levels. Form R information is entered into EPA’s publicly accessible Toxic Release Inventory.
“It’s very important for industries that work with chemicals to understand and comply with environmental laws, which are designed to protect the health of people and the environment,” said Robert Varney, regional administrator of EPA’s New England Office.
三、美国EPA对于Unified Western Grocers所谓的杀虫剂予以处罚：赔偿270000美元（2008/04/02）
洛杉矶——美国EPA当局最近收到高达270000美元的罚款，是来自洛杉矶的Unified Western Grocers公司以及其在加州的零售分销商，因销售和分销未经注册的杀虫剂，违反了FIFRA法案。
Unified Western Grocers公司坐落在5200 Sheila大街，是销售与分销“Western Family Cleanser with Bleach”产品，这项产品在其标签中说明可以去除家居中的细菌，包括葡萄状球菌、沙门氏菌和假单胞菌，但未经注册。
U.S. EPA settles with Unified Western Grocers for alleged pesticide violations: Company agrees to pay $270,000 in penalties
Release date: 04/21/2008
Contact Information: Francisco Arcaute, 213/798-1404 email@example.com
LOS ANGELES – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently reached a $270,000 settlement with Unified Western Grocers, a Los Angeles, Calif.-based grocery distributor, for the sale and distribution of an unregistered pesticide, a violation of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.
Unified Western Grocers, located at 5200 Sheila Street, allegedly sold and distributed “Western Family Cleanser with Bleach,” an unregistered product that stated on the label that it “wipes out most household germs, including Staph, Salmonella, and Pseudomonas.”
“Staph, Salmonella, and Pseudomonas are harmful bacteria that can cause serious damage to human health. Products that claim to eliminate such bacteria must be registered with EPA as a pesticide,” said Katherine Taylor, Associate Director of the Communities and Ecosystems Division in EPA’s Pacific Southwest region.
The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act requires companies to register cleaning products as pesticides if the cleaning product makes claims to control germs. These requirements protect public health and the environment by ensuring safe production, handling, and application of pesticides, and by preventing false, misleading, or unverifiable product claims.
The case was based on inspections conducted by the State of California’s Department of Pesticide Regulation and the State of Hawaii’s Department of Agriculture in 2005 and 2006.
今日，美国EPA对于Torrance, Calif. 公司在当地销售未经注册的日本进口杀虫剂处以高达171600美元的罚款。
在2007年六月，EPA的调查员发现日本超市Mitsuwa销售了从日本进口33件未经注册的产品，其中包括：日本花王的清洁用品“Kao Magic Clean”和“Lion Clean Clean Kitchen”产品。这些抗菌产品声称可以抑制细菌、霉菌和病毒等。
Southern California company settles with EPA for $171,600 for selling unregistered Japanese pesticides at San Jose, Calif. store
Release date: 07/02/2008
Contact Information: Wendy Chavez, 415/947-4248, firstname.lastname@example.org
(San Francisco, Calif. -- 07/02/2008) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency today settled with a Torrance, Calif. company for $171,600 for allegedly selling unregistered, imported Japanese pesticides at its San Jose, Calif. location.
In June 2007, EPA inspectors discovered that Mitsuwa Corporation sold 33 unregistered products from Japan, including “Kao Magic Clean” for bath and toilets and “Lion Clean Clean Kitchen,” at its Mitsuwa Marketplace store. The antimicrobial products claimed to control bacteria, mold and germs.
“If a company is going to sell pesticides they must be sure that the products are registered and meet all federal and state regulations,” said Katherine Taylor, the EPA’s associate director for agriculture for the EPA’s Pacific Southwest region. “Without products going through the proper EPA registration process, we cannot be sure what they contain and whether they are properly packaged and labeled.”
Since the violations were discovered, the company has cooperated with the EPA’s investigation and promptly discontinued all sales of the unregistered products.
Manufacturers, distributors and retailers are all responsible for ensuring that pesticides sold in the U.S. fully comply with the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, which regulates the sale, distribution, and use of pesticides within the United States.
FIFRA requires companies to register products as pesticides if the cleaning product makes claims to control germs. These requirements protect public health and the environment by ensuring safe production, handling, and application of pesticides, and by preventing false, misleading, or unverifiable product claims.
The EPA will not register a pesticide until it has been tested to show that it will not pose an unreasonable risk when used according to the directions. The agency also makes sure that pesticide labels provide consumers with the information they need to use the products safely. Pesticides that have been registered with the agency will have an EPA registration number on the label.
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